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Study: ADHD Increases Risk for Injuries Requiring Hospitalization Among Children, Adolescents

September 13, 2022Children and adolescents with ADHD are more likely to sustain injuries and require hospitalization for those injuries than are patients without ADHD. This risk of serious injury is further heightened for males and adolescents, and it may be significantly reduced with long-term medication use, according to a study published by the Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences.1Core symptoms of ADHD, including inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, may contribute to an elevated risk of injury.

From 2005 to 2013, researchers compared 4,658 ADHD patients to 18,632 sex- and age-matched control subjects ages 6 to 18 in Taiwan. After adjusting for sex, age, urbanization, and comorbidities, researchers found that patients with ADHD were 1.39 times more likely to experience an injury requiring hospitalization.

In age- and sex-stratified subgroup analyses, males and adolescents ages 12 to 18 experienced a significantly higher risk of serious injury.Researchers also found that long-term use of ADHD medication lowered the risk of sustaining an injury requiring hospitalization. The study looked at methylphenidate and atomoxetine — the only two ADHD medication treatments covered by Taiwanese health insurance.

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