self-test: recent publications

[Self-Test] Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).1Individuals with NPD have an inflated sense of self-importance, and may become upset or bewildered when they don’t receive the praise and attention they feel they deserve. As such, people with NPD often have fragile, highly variable self-esteem, and tend to be sensitive to criticism.

Researchers propose that variable self-esteem, with attempts at regulation via approval-seeking behaviors and grandiosity, is central to NPD.2 People with NPD are also often envious of others, and believe that others are envious of them.Individuals with NPD have difficulty recognizing and identifying others’ feelings and needs. Fueled by a drive for admiration and special treatment, people with NPD inadvertently or consciously exploit others.

Other people may describe those with NPD as snobbish, condescending, and emotionally cold. Ultimately, the symptoms of NPD result in significant interpersonal conflict, impaired functioning, and psychosocial distress.NPD is a complex disorder, and it often co-occurs with mood, anxiety, substance-use, and other personality disorders, most notably borderline personality disorder (BPD).3 About 6% of the general population has NPD, with higher rates seen in men (7.7%) than in women (4.8%).3NPD falls under Cluster B personality disorders, which are marked by dramatic, overly emotional, and/or erratic thoughts and behavior.1If you suspect that you have symptoms of NPD, answer the questions below and share the results with a licensed mental health professional who is experienced in diagnosing and treating psychiatric disorders.This self-test was adapted from the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire Fourth Edition Plus (PDQ-4), the Personality

. self-test diagnosing adults personality disorders
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