personality disorders: recent publications

[Self-Test] Avoidant Personality Disorder

Avoidant personality disorder (AVPD) is characterized by patterns of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation.1 People with AVPD fear rejection and criticism from others, and tend to view themselves as socially inept, personally unappealing, or inferior to others. They are unlikely to take risks or engage in new activities that could expose them to evaluation from others.

AVPD often affects workplace functioning and occupational advancement.AVPD occurs in up to 2.5% of the population, though estimates vary.2 It is one of three Cluster C personality disorders, which are characterized by anxious, fearful behaviors and thoughts. AVPD often co-occurs with other conditions, including depression and anxiety.2 AVPD appears so similar to social anxiety disorder that some researchers question whether the former is a distinct disorder or a variant of the latter.13Research also suggests a link between AVPD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

One study of 878 adults with ADHD found that about 19% of the group showed symptoms of AVPD.4 More research, however, is warranted on the possible connection.If you suspect that you have symptoms of AVPD, answer the questions below and share the results with a licensed mental health professional who is experienced in diagnosing and treating psychiatric disorders.This self-test was adapted from diagnostic criteria for AVPD outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). It is designed to screen for the possibility of AVPD, and it is for personal use only.

This test is not intended as a diagnostic tool. Only a licensed mental health professional can diagnose AVPD.Time is Up! Time's upCan’t see the

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