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Study: Cardiovascular Disease Twice as Likely in Adults with ADHD

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November 13, 2022Cardiovascular disease is twice as likely to develop in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than it is in the neurotypical population, according to a large observational study published in the journal World Psychiatry.The research studied the link between 20 different cardiovascular diseases and ADHD when it was separated from other known risk factors such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, smoking, sleep problems, and mental disorders.Researchers at Karolinska Institute and Örebro University in Sweden based their findings on data from a national registry of more than one million Swedish adults without pre-existing cardiovascular diseases born between 1941 and 1983.

The registry included about 37,000 people with ADHD.After an average of 11.8 years of follow-up, 38% of individuals with ADHD had at least one diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, compared with 24% of those without ADHD.

The association was somewhat stronger in men than in women. 1Adults with ADHD were at high risk for cardiac arrest, hemorrhagic stroke, and peripheral vascular diseases.

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