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Study: ADHD in Preschoolers Most Accurately Diagnosed with Multi-Method, Multi-Informant Evaluations

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January 11, 2022The best approach for clinical evaluation of ADHD symptoms in preschool children includes a combination of the Disruptive Behavior Disorder Rating Scale (DBDRS), the Conners’ Kiddie Continuous Performance Test (K-CPT), and electroencephalogram (EEG) data, according to a Journal of Attention Disorders study.1The study included 70 preschool students (38 with ADHD and 32 with typical development (TD)) who were administered the K-CPT and wireless EEG recording in different conditions.

The K-CPT is “a standardized task-oriented computerized modality that measures a child’s objective performance in terms of attention,” while “EEG is increasingly considered the ideal device to obtain biomarkers for characterizing neurodevelopmental disorders.”The main findings were as follows:Evidence suggests that DSM criteria can be applied to preschool children, but it can be difficult to obtain robust behavioral history from observers who aren’t the parents.

This study is the first to investigate the validity of a multi-method, multi-informant evaluation to differentiate ADHD from TD in preschool children.

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