Franz De-Waal: recent publications

A Brief Intellectual History of the Universality of Emotional Expressions

The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals is the least known, and in my opinion, the most accessible of all of Darwin’s books. The topic — the expression of the emotions in humans and animals – is of interest to everyone.

We are immediately drawn to consider why animals were included. Do they have emotions? Are there expressions like those of humans? One example of Darwin’s legacy is the work of Franz de Waal, which boldly describes the complex emotions and social relationships of nonhuman primates.

Another example is our method for measuring facial movement in humans: FACS, short for the facial action coding system, published by myself and Wallace Friesen in the 1970s and since adapted into various animal editions. I believe Darwin

. psychology emotions