American Psychological Association.Given ongoing trauma from mass shootings, the pandemic, and discrimination against minority populations, it is now more important than ever for caregivers to understand the way traumatic experiences affect a child’s developing brain.There are three categories of trauma.Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may result from any of these types of trauma, though it is certainly not universal or ubiquitous.
The symptoms of PTSD include insomnia, flashbacks, low self-esteem, frequent painful emotions, reliving the event, or perhaps forgetting it all together.
Hypervigilance and separation anxiety are also common in children. Trauma exposed children may or may not meet the criteria for PTSD — trauma does not necessarily result in PTSD but it often does.[Download: 9 Truths About ADHD and Intense Emotions]When someone has experienced trauma, it affects some of the brain centers that are also affected by ADHD, but there are distinct symptoms that differentiate the conditions.Read more on additudemag.com